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Fig(Anjeer)

Fig / Anjeera / Athhi (Ficus carica)

Ficuscarica is one of the ancient fruits known to mankind which is native to the arid region of Asia, forms a shrub or low spreading deciduous tree belonging to the family Moraceae. It is a hardy plant and commercially significant crop for semi-arid regions with economic bearing life of 30 years.

Fig is consumed as both fresh and dried, valued for its nutritional and medicinal properties. Both fresh and dried fruits contain lot of proteins & variety of Vitamins & minerals. Figs are the best source of calcium than all plantsources of calcium.

AG Bioteck is the only organization in India, producing tissue culture Fig plants from selected elite Plus Trees (Mother Plants) with desirable characters.

Tissue Cultured Fig Plants From Ag Bioteck :

Propagation of Fig plants usually done by cuttings. This fact contributes significantly to the dissemination of pathogens which affect the yield potential of the crop. Tissue culture plants are disease and pest free and available round the year and ensures uniform growth, early maturity and high yields. Our Fig plants produce non-cracking fruits of uniform size.

AG Bio Gold Tissue culture plants are developed from selected elite mother plants.

  • Ensures uniform vigorous faster growth when compared with cutting plants.
  • Starts yielding after one year of planting unlike the cutting plants..
  • These are disease free and pest free.
  • The economic life span of the plant is 25 - 30 years.

Soils :Fig is one of the most salt and drought tolerant crops. Itis cultivated well in black and sandy loams. It can tolerate a faired high level of chloride salts but not sodium salts present in the soil. Red loams are highly suitable.The soil having PH of 6.0 – 7.0 is idealfor cultivation of fig.

Climate : Fig being a deciduous and sub-tropical tree, prefers areas having arid or semiarid environment, high summer temperature, plenty of sunshine and moderate water.The size, shape, colour of the skin and pulp quality are markedly affected by climate. High humidity coupled with low temperature usually results in fruit splitting and low fruit quality.

Season : Fig can be planted throughout the year based on the availability of water.

Spacing : Spacing depends on soil type but recommended spacing is 9’ x12’

Irrigation : Irrigation should be given immediately after planting. Irrigation intervals depends upon the soil type, age of the plant and climate.

Training and Pruning : Fig trees are trained initially to a single stem and allowed to grow to a height of about 1meter and then it is topped. To keep the trees more productive, the fig trees are trained to a desired height and shape. Pruning is necessary practice to induce the production of new growth and bearingfruits. The time and amount of pruning are adjusted according to the growth habit and bearing capacity of the tree.

Fertilizers : Nutritional requirements vary according to the variety and soil type. But Nitrogen is very essential for rapid growth of foliage and development of syconia, fruit colour and maturation.

Harvesting & Yield : Though Fig may start bearing from the first year of planting, commercial harvesting is done 2nd year onwards.The yield increases with increase in canopy size of the tree and stabilizes during 5th yearThe fruits should be harvested when they are soft and wilt at the neck.The Fig bears twice a year, July - September and February-May. Fig Yields 8 to 10 tonnes in sole crop per Acre at 200 to 250 fruits per tree depends upon the management of the crop and climate.

Plant protection : Rust is an important disease which indicates heavy leaf fall by causing Ceroteliumfici., which is controlled by using Sulphur or spraying with Blitox or Dithane M-45.The major pests of fig are stem borers, leaf defoliators and fig flies.

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