Soils :Fig is one of the most salt and drought tolerant crops. Itis cultivated well in black and sandy loams. It can tolerate a faired high level of chloride salts but not sodium salts present in the soil. Red loams are highly suitable.The soil having PH of 6.0 – 7.0 is idealfor cultivation of fig.
Climate : Fig being a deciduous and sub-tropical tree, prefers areas having arid or semiarid environment, high summer temperature, plenty of sunshine and moderate water.The size, shape, colour of the skin and pulp quality are markedly affected by climate. High humidity coupled with low temperature usually results in fruit splitting and low fruit quality.
Season : Fig can be planted throughout the year based on the availability of water.
Spacing : Spacing depends on soil type but recommended spacing is 9’ x12’
Irrigation : Irrigation should be given immediately after planting. Irrigation intervals depends upon the soil type, age of the plant and climate.
Training and Pruning : Fig trees are trained initially to a single stem and allowed to grow to a height of about 1meter and then it is topped. To keep the trees more productive, the fig trees are trained to a desired height and shape. Pruning is necessary practice to induce the production of new growth and bearingfruits. The time and amount of pruning are adjusted according to the growth habit and bearing capacity of the tree.
Fertilizers : Nutritional requirements vary according to the variety and soil type. But Nitrogen is very essential for rapid growth of foliage and development of syconia, fruit colour and maturation.
Harvesting & Yield : Though Fig may start bearing from the first year of planting, commercial harvesting is done 2nd year onwards.The yield increases with increase in canopy size of the tree and stabilizes during 5th yearThe fruits should be harvested when they are soft and wilt at the neck.The Fig bears twice a year, July - September and February-May. Fig Yields 8 to 10 tonnes in sole crop per Acre at 200 to 250 fruits per tree depends upon the management of the crop and climate.
Plant protection : Rust is an important disease which indicates heavy leaf fall by causing Ceroteliumfici., which is controlled by using Sulphur or spraying with Blitox or Dithane M-45.The major pests of fig are stem borers, leaf defoliators and fig flies.