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PONAGAMIA

Some species of cultural and/or economic interest include

Pongam is a fast-growing evergreen tree which reaches 40 feet in height and spread, forming a broad, spreading canopy casting moderate shade

Ecology for Pongamia

Probably ranges from Tropical Dry to Moist through Subtropical Dry to Moist Forest Life Zones. Withstanding temperatures slightly below 0 C to 50 C and annual rainfall of 5-25 dm, the tree grows wild on sandy and rocky soils, including oolitic limestone, but will grow in most soil types, even with its roots in salt water.

Botany

Pongam (Legununosae, subfamily Papilionoideae) is a medium sized tree that generally attains a height of about 8 m and a trunk diameter of more than 50 cm

Culture

Light requirement: full sun Soil tolerances: clay; sand; loam; slightly alkaline; acidic; well-drained Drought tolerance: high Aerosol salt tolerance: moderate

Description

Height: 35 to 40 feet
Spread: 30 to 40 feet
Crown uniformity: symmetrical
Crown shape: round
Crown density: dense
Growth rate: fast
Texture: medium Foliage

The seeds contain pongam oil, a bitter, red brown, thick, non-drying, nonedible oil, 27-36% by weight, which is used for tanning leather, soap, as a liniment to treat scabies, herpes, and rheumatism and as an illuminating oil (Burkill, 1966). Also used for lubrication and indigenous medicine