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FIG / ANJURA / ATHHI (Ficus carica)

CHARACTERISTICS: The cultivated Fig is native to the Arid region of Asia, forms a shurb or low spreading deciduous tree belonging to the family Moraceae. It is hardy plant commercially significant crop for semi arid regions with economic bearing life of 30 years Fig tolerates poorly drained soils and grow well in relatively infertile soils,temperature from 20'F to115'F. and drought tolerant.

ADVANTAGES: AG Bioteck is the only organization producing tissue culture Fig plants in India from selected elite Plus Trees (Mother Plants) with desirable characters. Tissue culture plants are disease and pest free and available round the year and ensures uniform growth, early maturity and high yeilds.They produce non cracking fruits of uniform size.

USES: Fig fruit is consumed fresh or dried and valued for its medicinal and nutritional properties Fresh fruits contain glucose, fructose, calcium Vitamin A, and thiamine. It used for the treatment of dysentery, eye troubles, cough and asthma etc., the dried fruits are used as condiments in sweets. Dried fruits has an export potential in Middle East Asia

CULTIVATION: 680 Fig plants per Acre as a sole crop at a spacing of 8" x 8" and 300 trees can be accommodated in one Acre of land @ spacing of 12" x 12" as intercrop either in the Gmelina arborea or Tectona grandis.

ECONOMICS: The tissue culture Fig plants grow fast and start yielding from 12 months after planting. The Fig bears twice a year-once in July September and in Feb-May in south India Fig Yields 8 to 10 tonnes in sole crop and 4 to 6 tonnes in mixed crop per Acre at 200 to 250 fruits per tree.

Tissue Culture In FIG:

•  Tissue culture plants are developed from selected elite mother plants.
•  Ensures uniform vigorous faster growth when compared with cutting plants.
•  Starts yielding after one year of planting unlike the cutting plants.
•  These are disease free and disease tolerant.
•  The economic life span of the plant is 20-25 years.

1.Importance: fig is a crop of commercial significance in arid & semi arid regions of India. fig is consumed fresh or dried.& valued for its nutritional and medicinal properties. it contains proteins, calcium & Vitamin-A.

2.Soils: Fig favor's deep, well drained, black and sandy can tolerate a faired high level of chloride salts but not sodium salts present in the soil. red loams are highly suitable.

3.Climate: at high temp(above 38 degrees centigrade)fruit tends to ripen prematurely. such fruits remain small in size and have a tough skin. dry climate with mild temp results in succulent and large fruits.

4.Planting: cuttings, budding & tissue culture plants can propagate fig.

5.Season: fig can be planted any time during the year but planting in july-Sept is preferred.

6.Spacing: maintain spacing of 2-3 mts between plant to plant & row to row.

7.Irrigation: irrigation should be given immediately after planting. Irrigation at 10-12 days interval is required during summer months. Excessive irrigation at the time of fruit development and ripening result in splitting of fruit&inipid quality.

8.Pruning: fig trees are usually headed but to about one metre.plants are pruned annually to induce growth of flower bearing & increase the crop yields.

9.Fertilizers: One-year-old plant should receive 10kg Fym and 50 gm urea.

10.Harvesting & Yield: fig may start bearing from the first year of planting fruits should be harvested when they are soft and fully matured.

11.Plant protection: Rust is an imp disease which causes heavy leaf fall. it can be controlled by using sulphur.

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