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BANANA

PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY

Climate:
Banana is a crop of humid tropics, but well suited for cultivation from humid subtropical to semi arid subtropics and from sea level up to an elevation of 200m.  in India it is successfully grown 8 North to 28 North latitudes with a temperature range form 10 - 45 C and a rainfall of 500 mm-2000mm per year.

Soil:
Banana is grown successfully on a wide range of soils.  The two soil factors namely depth and drainage are important for banana cultivation. Therefore banana grow well in a deep and friable loam soil with good drainage and aeration.  The crop is sensitive to water logging and can tolerate a wide range of soil PH (5.50 – 7.50)

Land Preparation:

Prepare the land by ploughing and harrowing and bring soil to a fine tilt. Dig the pits size to 2ft x 2ft. Fill the pits with equal quantities of top soil: well decomposed FYM/compost/cattle manure.

Spacing:
The normal spacing for Dwarf Cavendish is 5’ x 6’, Grand Naine and Robusta is 6’ x 6’.

Planting:
Poly bag may be slit and removed and the plant may be inserted into the center of the filled pit without disturbing the roots.  The soil level must be maintained at the same level as in the poly bag.

Irrigation:
Provide irrigation immediately after planting and give subsequent irrigations once in 3-4 days depending upon the soil and weather conditions. Water may be fed always from main channel to basins (1.5 ft radius) made around each plant.  Avoid connecting one basin with another during irrigation as a general precaution.
Drip irrigation is proved to be suitable for tissue culture banana for saving the water and increasing the productivity.  The water quantity varies from 5 liters to 30 liters per plant per day depending upon the age of the plant and season.

Fertilizers:
Fertilizers can be applied as a band 8 inches away from the base and incorporated into the soil.  The dosage of nutrients depends upon the soil and type of fertilizers used. However each banana plant requires 200 gms. Nitrogen (N), 100 gms. Phosphorous (P) and 210 gms. Potassium (K) for its life cycle.

Plant Protection:
Tissue culture plants are disease free at the time of supply .  with good management, a pest free crop can be raised.

Apply 8-10 gms. Of furadan 3G granules per pit and mix well into the soil mixture at the root zone about seven days prior to planting and wet the soil after application.

A) Drip irrigation:

The underground/ open tank water will be tapped through electric motors. 10 bore wells or two open tank are planned to serve the water requirement to cultivate banana crop in 100 acres of land. The water will be carried through drip lines and fed at the root zones of the crop. In drip irrigation, it is envisaged to maintain the soil moisture level near-field capacity by applying daily the quantity of water that is lost by evapo-transpiration. Feeding through drip system aims at using required optimum quantum of water, restricting the growth of weeds, aerating the root zone and thereby obtaining a higher quantum of yield. It also prevents leaching of nutrients into the deep zone and avoids damage due to excess water.