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Tissue culture Technology & Cultivation with Tissue culture Banana: a new concept in Agri. Biotechnology in Plantation crops

Banana and plantain are important staple foods that are critical to the nutritious and economic well being of millions of people throughout the developing word. They are grown in some 120 countries, the great bulk of them being produced in gardens or backyard type plots and on small farms. Despite the small scale of most of the individual producers, bananas are reported by TAC as being the fourth most important global food commodity after rice, wheat and milk, in terms of the gross value of production.

In terms of world trade in Musa is insignificant, but for domestic use as staple foodstuff they are vitally important in many countries. This is especially so in the equatorial belt of Africa stretching from East to west where they are the major staple food. About 70 million people in West and Central Africa are estimated to derive more than one quarter of their food energy requirement from banana.

Banana play an important role in the nutrition of people in poor regions of the world. They are a high yielding source of dietary carbohydrates and are to rich in a number of vitamins and important minerals. Banana are also attractive to small farmers in developing countries. Their perennial nature reduces production costs and are a vital source of income for farmers because of the demand for them as low cost but very vital components of poor peoples diets. As a result, banana consumption in developing countries steadily increasing.

Production of Tissue culture Banana plantlets in the Laboratory at AG Bioteck, Hyderabad, India